September 21, 2023

Chats du Monde

World of Health & Pet

Assistive technological know-how

5 min read


Assistive technologies enables people today to are living healthful, productive, unbiased, and dignified life, and to take part in education, the labour sector and civic life. Assistive technological innovation reduces the want for formal well being and assist companies, very long-time period care and the function of caregivers. Without assistive technological know-how, people are usually excluded, isolated, and locked into poverty, thereby raising the effect of condition and incapacity on a human being, their household, and society.

Who can gain from assistive technological know-how?

People today who most need assistive technologies incorporate:

  • people with disabilities
  • older individuals
  • people with noncommunicable diseases these kinds of as diabetic issues and stroke
  • individuals with psychological wellness ailments such as dementia and autism
  • men and women with gradual functional drop.

Wellness, well-remaining and socioeconomic positive aspects

Assistive technological innovation can have a positive effects on the health and fitness and perfectly-currently being of a man or woman and their household, as properly as broader socioeconomic gains. For illustration:

  • Good use of listening to aids by younger children qualified prospects to improved language abilities, without having which a particular person with listening to decline has severely minimal chances for schooling and employment (1).
  • Guide wheelchairs improve entry to education and work when cutting down healthcare expenses because of to a reduction in the possibility of stress sores and contractures.
  • Assistive technology can enable more mature persons to continue on to stay at dwelling and delay or avoid the require for extended-time period treatment (2).
  • Therapeutic footwear for diabetes reduces the incidence of foot ulcers, stopping decreased limb amputations and the involved load on health methods (3).



Pretty several nations have a countrywide assistive technological know-how coverage or programme.

In a lot of nations, entry to assistive technologies in the general public sector is very poor or non-existent. Even in substantial-profits countries, assistive products are generally rationed or not included within just health and fitness and welfare strategies, major to higher out-of-pocket payments by users and their families.

For instance, it is popular coverage in a range of European countries for the point out to deliver more mature individuals with only 1 listening to help, in spite of the truth that most persons with age relevant hearing decline have to have 2 listening to aids to functionality.


The assistive solutions sector is currently limited and specialized, primarily serving higher-cash flow markets. There is a lack of state funding, nationwide service shipping programs, person-centred analysis and enhancement, procurement systems, quality and safety standards, and context-ideal item structure.


In significant-cash flow international locations solutions are normally stand-by yourself and not built-in. Persons are compelled to show up at many appointments at diverse spots, which are highly-priced and incorporate to the stress on consumers as well as caregivers, and on health and welfare budgets.

In quite a few reduced- and middle-money international locations, countrywide company supply for assistive products and solutions does not exist. Individuals who can pay for them invest in assistive merchandise direct from a pharmacy, non-public clinic, or workshop.

Persons from the poorer sectors of culture should depend on erratic donations or charity expert services, which generally target on providing large quantities of low-high-quality or made use of products and solutions. These are often not appropriate for the consumer or the context, and absence mechanisms for restore and abide by up. A comparable scenario is also popular in crisis response programmes.


Properly trained wellbeing personnel are essential for the correct prescription, fitting, consumer teaching, and follow-up of assistive goods. Without having these important steps, assistive merchandise are normally of no profit or deserted, and they might even bring about actual physical hurt (as is the case of delivering wheelchairs without the need of tension reduction cushions for individuals with spinal harm).

Assistive technological know-how inside of universal health coverage 

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Growth places good wellbeing and properly-staying at the centre of a new improvement eyesight. It emphasizes common health and fitness protection (UHC) to ensure a sustainable enhancement for all, so that every person almost everywhere can entry the health services wanted devoid of struggling with financial hardship. 

Common Health Protection can be innovative inclusively only if men and women are equipped to accessibility high-quality assistive solutions when and in which they need them.

Addressing the unmet have to have of assistive merchandise is important to attain the Sustainable Enhancement Ambitions, to give UHC, and to carry out the UN Conference on the Legal rights of People with Disabilities, ratified by 177 countries.

‘Leaving no 1 behind’ implies making sure the persons with disabilities, the more mature populace and individuals afflicted by serious diseases are integrated in modern society and enabled to live a healthier and dignified everyday living.

WHO reaction

WHO is coordinating the Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology (GATE), which exists to improve obtain to high-high-quality economical assistive engineering for everybody, everywhere you go. The GATE initiative is developing 4 realistic instruments to help nations around the world to handle the difficulties explained previously mentioned.

WHO sees the GATE initiative as a concrete move in the direction of realizing the targets of the UN Convention on the Rights of Folks with Disabilities, common wellbeing coverage and the Sustainable Development Targets.

The GATE initiative will boost WHO’s world wide system on persons-centred and built-in well being providers across the lifespan, as effectively as motion plans on noncommunicable health conditions, ageing and well being, incapacity and mental overall health.

(1) World wide stress of childhood listening to impairment and sickness handle priorities for producing international locations.
Olusanya BO, Newton VE. Lancet. 2007 Apr 14369(9569):1314-7.

(2) Can adapting the properties of older men and women and delivering assistive technological know-how shell out its way?
Lansley P, McCreadie C, Tinker A. Age Ageing. 2004 Nov33(6):571-6. Epub 2004 Sep 3.3

(3) Footwear and offloading interventions to stop and heal foot ulcers and decrease plantar tension in individuals with diabetic issues: a systematic evaluate.
Bus SA, van Deursen RW, Armstrong DG, Lewis J, Caravaggi CF, Cavanagh PR. International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot.